Analyze Ups And Fedex Using The Competitive Forces

1. The entry of competitors
Substantial barriers exist for new entrants in the overnight delivery market. FedEx has successfully differentiated its product from other offerings in the market, with advertising, technology improvements and its desire to achieve full customer satisfaction. For a new entrant to overcome these obstacles they would have to spend dearly. An example of this is the 30 million dollar ad campaign by UPS aimed at competing with FedEx in the overnight delivery market.
A second example of a barrier to entry in the overnight delivery market relates to capital requirements. To purchase even half of the airplanes flown by FedEx would require a substantial cash outlay.

2. The threat of substitutes
Communications technologies such as Email, fax, and PDF pose significant threats as substitutes to FedEx's overnight letter delivery business. While these technologies will erode the revenues FedEx enjoys, they will not be able to displace the market entirely. The overnight letter delivery business will survive as long as consumers have important documents to send and communications technologies do not offer 100 percent reliability. Further, the complexities and costs of networked technologies will not be able to completely replace the simplicity and inexpensiveness of a packing slip.

3. The bargaining power of buyers
FedEx faces significant competitive pressure from corporate buyers in the overnight delivery market. This pressure is most evident in FedEx's relationship with large corporate clients. These buyers have a great deal of bargaining power attributable to the large volume purchases they make. Negligible switching costs also contribute to buyers bargaining ability in the market.
Buyers have a great deal of bar ...
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